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Different Types of Textile Printing Processes

Whatever clothes we wear is full of attractive with prints. The printing is done is fabric form or in garments. When fabric comes out from mills, power loom or others means it is generally grey in color. To make fabric and cloths attractive and valuable dyeing and printing are done on fabric surface. But how the printing is done on cloths? Different printing process and advantages and disadvantages of each printing methods has been explained here

printing

1. Automatic Flat Screen Printing

In this method fabric is laid on flat table. A flat screen with perforated pattern is used for printing. Number of screen depends on no. of colors of the printed design. First the flat screen is placed on fabric from top and printing paste squeezed on screen by rod or scrapper from one side another.

a. Advantages:

i. Larger repeats

ii. Multiple strokes for pile fabric

 

b. Disadvantages

i. Slow

ii. Non continuous pattern

 

2. Rotary Screen Printing

a. Advantages

i. Fast

ii. Quick change over of pattern

iii. Continuous pattern

 

b. Disadvantages

i. Design limitations

ii. Small repeats

3. Engraved roller printing

a. Advantages

i. High design capability (fine details and multiple tones)

 

b. Disadvantages

i. Copper cylinders very expensive

ii. Not economical for short runs

iii. Required highly skilled worker

4.HEAT TRANSFER PRINT:

a. Advantages

i. High quality print

ii. Fewer seconds

iii. Economical for short runs

iv. Pollution free

 

b. Disadvantages

i. Slow process

ii. Primarily for polyester

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